How cells produce energy

A lot has happened since I last posted an update on my game. I figured out how to create draggable objects in d3.js, and I’m learning about collision detection to create the nucleus-ribosome transfer. But programming isn’t the only thing I’ve done for this project. I’ve also been reading a textbook called “Essential Cell Biology”, and I got the idea to share some of the information on my blog.

Cells are more complex than any man-made machine, yet they are smaller than anyone could imagine.  They support all life, yet each one is tiny compared to the size of the organism it supports. The cell is such a remarkable thing, able to do things way beyond its petite size. But, how do cells power all of their functions?

As you already know, the human body gets its energy through eating. But what happens to all those molecules inside the food? Well, they go into the cell’s mitochondria. Before we go on, I actually want to mention that mitochondria were once independent single-celled organisms! These early prokaryotes which mitochondria descend from were the first organisms to find an efficient way to produce energy. At some point, these organisms were swallowed up by eukaryotic cells through a process called endosymbiosis, and they evolved cooperatively over time, with the prokaryote becoming a new organelle and the eukaryote evolving to use the energy the mitochondria provides.

Now, what happens in the mitochondria? Well, a ton of complex molecules like carbohydrates and sugars all go into the mitochondria which constantly rips them apart and mashes them together until they generate enough of a special molecule called Adenine Triphosphate, or ATP for short. ATP has a special structure which allows it to power organelles such as the ribosomes, which generate proteins which perform functions all around the cell and the rest of the body.

A better system for choosing voters?

The past few days have been pretty ‘exciting’. Donald Trump has just been inaugurated to be the president of the USA, and he’s made tons of changes already(None of them very good). I keep thinking, so many people who voted for Trump made bad choices for not only themselves but their entire country! I mean, just because 2/3 of a country is unwise with voting, the other sensible 1/3 is being taken down with them! Imagine there was a cliff, and a few idiots were constantly grabbing other people, then jumping off the cliff. Won’t you hate that? Well, that’s what voting is, having people push you off cliffs.

Fortunately, I have a solution.

Behold, the Intelligent Voters course! This online course will help you vote for who is truly the candidate right for you and your country. This course will guide you through the basic principles of politics, like what tariffs really mean, and what it costs to be deported. When you finish this course, you will have a clear view of what candidates are really saying, without commercial-like campaign tactics muddying your choice. If the government agrees, taking the course will be mandatory for voting. Going back to our cliff analogy, imagine this course gating the life-ending cliff.

Is this course biased? You might think that at first, but I am not letting this course become official until it has been looked over by multiple parties.

Who can attend this course? This course is open to anyone, even if you are under 18. And yes, if you are under 18 and you pass the course, you will be able to vote, because why decline a voter if they can make clear decisions.

Okay, so I’m not actually going to establish a course like this(mostly because my country doesn’t need it, being Canadian). But it is a good idea and for anybody willing to reform our old system of democracy, I suggest this.